SOMMARIO: 1. Il concordato nelle dinamiche delle relazioni tra Chiesa cattolica e Stati islamici - 2. Concordato e libertà religiosa nei Paesi islamici - 3. Gli accordi bilaterali sottoscritti dalla Santa Sede in questi speciali “territori di missione” - 4. La tutela delle minoranze religiose nella Dichiarazione di Al-Azhar e la possibile apertura di nuove frontiere delle dinamiche concordatarie.
The concordat dynamics between Holy See and Islamic State
ABSTRACT: The article analyzes the concordat dynamics between Holy See and Islamic States developed after the Second Vatican Council. The concordat, in its various forms, is the main instrument through which is regulated the system of relations between States and Catholic Church. Its use has been tested successfully in various Islamic States, and sometimes even with heterogeneous formulas, because of differences that distinguish the individual systems, trying to translate the concepts of autonomous of Church and collaboration with States in forms legal acceptable to Muslim tradition countries. The exhortations in the Al-Azhar Declaration are directly connected with the possible development of bilateral activities between Holy See and other Islamic countries and this can also strengthen the peace among peoples and the interfaith dialogue.
SOMMARIO: 1. Il background di una riforma “missionaria” - 2. Insidie ermeneutiche della clausola - 3. Esegesi soggettive e oggettive: limiti applicativi - 4. Una versione mediata: la valutazione sull’appello come indagine de merito causæ - 5. L’applicazione della clausola al processo ordinario … - 6. … e al processus brevior - 7. Considerazioni conclusive.
“Si appellatio mere dilatoria evidenter appareat”: some considerations on the sidelines of cann. 1682, § 2 and 1687, § 4 C.i.c. after the motu proprio Mitis Iudex Dominus Iesus
ABSTRACT: The paper aims to analyze the problems underlying the clause that states “si appellatio mere dilatoria evidenter appareat”, introduced with the Motu proprio “Mitis Iudex Dominus Iesus” with whom Pope Francis has reformed the processes of marriage nullity in 2015. Beyond the mere terminologic matter, which has also committed the doctrine, given the imperfect clarity of the terms of which the clause is composed, what is at stake is the right of appeal granted to the losing party following a decision “pro nullitate matrimonii”. Legislative innovation must be lowered whithin a broader field of reform, where it’s called to interface with the background of ordinary process and of the new processus brevior, that has the primary goal to chase after the speed-up of processes. The risk of subjectivism in which the judges could fall, focusing on the mere intentions of the appellant subject or on the simple reasons given, and not giving rise to a complete judgment where to reach moral certainty, should be avoided in order to safeguard the aspiration of justice that canon law can not not have, and that precise connotations in terms of faith have only to contribute increasing.
SOMMARIO: 1. Introduzione - 2. Tra free speech e free exercise clauses: la libertà di coscienza nella giurisprudenza della Corte suprema (cenni) - 3. Una discriminazione nella discriminazione? Una decisione che non risolve il dilemma - 4. Kicking the can down the road: l’arte di non decidere e le dissenting/concurring opinions del caso Masterpiece Cakeshop - 5. (segue) a) l’opinion del giudice Thomas - 6. (segue) b) uno sguardo sul futuro: due (ipotetici) orientamenti prevalenti - 7. Dal saluto alla bandiera alle torte nuziali: libertà e tolleranza nella società plurale contemporanea.
ABSTRACT: The paper examines the clash between public accommodations laws and freedoms of speech and religion in America at the light of the recent decision of the U.S. Supreme Court Masterpiece Cakeshop Ltd., v. Colorado Civil Rights Commission. The case deals with the refusal of a Colorado’s bakery to provide a wedding cake to a gay couple based on the owner's religious beliefs. After explaining the decision of the Court and the position of the U.S. Supreme Court Justices in their dissenting and concurring opinions, the paper addresses the claim of freedom of speech and of the tolerance principle in the pluralistic age.
SOMMARIO: 1. Premessa - 2. Il Diritto come legittimazione - 3. La corrispondenza tra istituzione e ordinamento - 4. La terzietà del Diritto - 5. La non-necessarietà del legislatore affinché si abbia vero Diritto - 6. Per concludere.
Legal Order and Canon law: The Structuring Contribution of Santi Romano
ABSTRACT: The contribution of the State’s System Theory of Santi Romano is decisive for illustrating and protecting the singularities of Canon Law without jeopardizing its intrinsic juridical nature, rather, by confirming it precisely because of the “institutional” nature of the Church. The substantial contributions that "L’ordinamento giuridico" offers to the systematic and dogmatic understanding of Canon Law are four: law as legitimacy, the conformity between institution and legal system, the neutrality of the law, the non-necessity of the Legislator in order to have true law.