SOMMARIO: 1. Premessa - 2. Il Diritto come legittimazione - 3. La corrispondenza tra istituzione e ordinamento - 4. La terzietà del Diritto - 5. La non-necessarietà del legislatore affinché si abbia vero Diritto - 6. Per concludere.
Legal Order and Canon law: The Structuring Contribution of Santi Romano
ABSTRACT: The contribution of the State’s System Theory of Santi Romano is decisive for illustrating and protecting the singularities of Canon Law without jeopardizing its intrinsic juridical nature, rather, by confirming it precisely because of the “institutional” nature of the Church. The substantial contributions that "L’ordinamento giuridico" offers to the systematic and dogmatic understanding of Canon Law are four: law as legitimacy, the conformity between institution and legal system, the neutrality of the law, the non-necessity of the Legislator in order to have true law.
SOMMARIO: 1. La presenza religiosa nella sfera pubblica - 2. La libertà religiosa collettiva nella CEDU - 3. La condizione giuridica delle confessioni religiose nel diritto della UE - 4. Identità confessionali e identità nazionali europee - 5. Il ruolo “pubblico” delle istituzioni religiose negli Stati europei - 6. In particolare: a) la rilevanza costituzionale dei soggetti confessionali in Germania - 7. Segue: b) la condizione giuridica delle confessioni religiose in Italia.
Public relevance of religious communities in the European legal dimension
The religious phenomenon appears relevant both on an individual level and on a social level. In many cases religious experience, on the one hand, helps to draw the personal identity of the subject; on the other, it is an element that characterizes various aspects of civil society, up to the influence of the political and institutional dynamics of many contemporary state systems. This paper intends to demonstrate that the religious phenomenon does not appear confined only in the strictly private sphere, but lives and manifests itself also in the public dimension. This approach seems to be confirmed, among other things, by the new public role that religious communities are progressively taking on in the European legal sphere, as well as within individual state systems in Europe. From the analysis of the rules in force both at the European and national level, this work therefore derives a significant legal recognition of the public relevance of religions and religious communities that are direct institutional expression, paying particular attention to the experience gained in the German law and in the Italian legal system.
SOMMARIO: 1. La storia della dottrina sociale nella storia della Chiesa – 2. Dal diritto (esclusivo) di proprietà al riconoscimento dei diritti del lavoratore – 3. La questione sociale diventa questione universale – 4. Contatti tra la dottrina sociale e le teorie politiche del lavoro – 5. I tre diritti “sacri” per (re)inventare una nuova dottrina sociale.
The Church’s path for an updated social doctrine: from the right to property to the sacred rights to land, housing and work
ABSTRACT: The essay analyzes the historical and juridical development of the Catholic Church’s social doctrine, from the teaching of Pope Leo XIII to the teaching of Pope Francis. Paying attention to the fundamental issues of the social justice is at the core of the existence and the mission of the Church. Nowdays, Pope Francis changed the emphasis of the official social doctrine, calling for a poor Church at the service of the poor and the Earth. This updated social doctrine is founded on the joyful announcement of the Gospel.
Abstract: Jerusalem is the most important city in the world, the Centre of the three greatest religions. It is the Capital of the State of Israel for some, the capital of the State of Palestine for others and for others still a corpus separatum under international control. Everyone wants Jerusalem, and so they contest it, creating political and legislative unrest. These disturbances give rise to violence from both groups of people that live there. In this brief dissertation, we retrace the key historical points and problems associated with the legal status of this city, from the first decades of the twentieth century, to understand that the problem lies in the claim of ownership of this City.