SOMMARIO: 1. Premessa - 2. Breve storia delle riforme universitarie a) fino al 2000 - 3. b) dal 2000 a oggi - 4. Il piano degli studi giuridici e l’accesso alle “professioni classiche” - 5. Proposte di revisione della tabella attuale. a) il contesto generale e particolare - 6. b) i punti salienti.
Knowing to deliberate. Reflections on legal education.
ABSTRACT: The debate on legal education in Italy appears to be an always open question. The synthesis is complicated by the coexistence of multiple factors that increase its complexity. However, the gradual and stable decrease in enrollments and the simultaneous lack of employment prospects for graduates require it to be revised, also favored by the opportunities opened by the National Recovery and Resilience Plan (PNRR). In this essay I proceed to a preliminary historical reconstruction of the debate still in progress and I present reflections which, hopefully, will be useful for its operational conclusion.
SOMMARIO: 1. Introduction - 2. The organisational structure of Mevlevi Islamic mysticism - 3. Mevlevi spirituality and religiosity - 4. The secular sphere and the laws of the market - 5. Conclusions.
Abstract: This article aims to provide as comprehensive a reading as possible of the organisation of socio-religious aggregation of contemporary Islamic mevlevism in Turkey. Starting from some classical notions of religion and spirituality (Simmel, Weber, Troeltsch) we examine the type of organisational structure of the Mevlevi order, the modus operandi, the internal relations between the followers, the role of the master taking into consideration the criterion of compromise, inclusiveness/exclusiveness and the transmission of charisma. Furthermore, the nature of Mevlevi spirituality, its organisational and moral principles, and the ecstatic practice of the sema is analysed. Finally, we analyse the relations of the Mevlevi orders with the population, some kinds of financing mechanisms, some forms of mediatisation and the marketing of some Mevlevi products. Finally, the order's interest and need to become part of religious tourism is analysed, encountering, however, conflicts, internal divisions and the non-legitimation needs of specific groups of believers.
SOMMARIO: 1. Introduzione - 2. L’assoluzione dalle censure nella disciplina pre-codiciale - 3. (segue) nei trattati canonistici precedenti la codificazione del 1917 - 4. La competenza a concedere l’assoluzione dalle censure nella disciplina pre-codiciale - 5. La remissione delle censure nel Codex iuris canonici del 1917 - 6. La revisione del Codex del 1917 in tema di remissione delle censure - 7. L’istituto della remissione delle censure nel Codex iuris canonici del 1983 - 8. (segue) la remissione delle censure in foro interno - 9. Le modifiche introdotte dalla costituzione Pascite gregem Dei - 10. Brevi considerazioni conclusive.
The remission of canonical censures. Historical development and current legislation
ABSTRACT: The article analyzes the historical-juridical evolution of the remission of censures in the canonical order from the first indications contained in the main medieval and modern sources, passing then to the discipline of the institution contained in the code of 1917 and in the code of 1983 to arrive, at the end, to the changes made by the recent constitution Pascite gregem Dei promulgated by pope Francis in may 2021.
SOMMARIO: 1. Gli interventi del presidente Macron del 2018 e la battaglia contro il “separatismo islamista” - 2. Il percorso del progetto di legge “confortant le respect des principes de la République” - 3. Struttura e principali contenuti della legge - 3.1. “Garantir le respect des principes de la République et des exigences minimales de la vie en société” - 3.2. “Garantir le libre exercice du culte” - 4. “Qualcosa di nuovo, anzi di antico”.
The French law 24th August 2021, no. 1109, “consolidating respect for the principles of the Republic”
ABSTRACT: In October 2020, President Emmanuel Macron announced his intention to sponsor a law opposing “Islamic separatism” in French society. Introduced in December 2020 by the Interior Minister Gérald Darmanin, the bill contains measures on neutrality of the public service, fight against online hatred, protection of civil servants (e.g. teachers) and several criminal provisions, which aim at repressing conducts denoting radicalism. The French Parliament passed the controversial law - it is sometimes described as going contrary to the liberal values of the Republic that it seeks to protect - on 23rd July 2021 and President Macron promulgated it on 24th August. The contribution provides an overview of the new law.
SOMMARIO. 1. Introduzione - 2. Sfera privata, narrative politiche e diritto: famiglia e nazione nel Programma di cooperazione nazionale e nella nuova Costituzione ungherese - 3. La discriminazione delle minoranze: il divieto di registrazione del cambiamento di genere adottato durante la pandemia da COVID-19 - 4. Spazio pubblico, tradizione, identità nazionale e radici cristiane - 5. Etnosimbolismo e malessere sociale tra rifiuto del linguaggio politico centrato sui diritti fondamentali e sfruttamento delle aspettative che questi ingenerano - 6. Conclusioni.
Tradition, National Identity, Ethnosymbolism and Discrimination in Hungary: Challenging Fundamental Rights with their Own Weapons
Abstract: The ruling coalition in Hungary values tradition, retrieving it in areas that affect both the private sphere of citizens and the public sphere of institutions through political narratives that are implemented by law. Although the "recovered" and interpreted tradition shapes a collective imagination and a normative framework that, according to current language, could be described as extremely conservative, political narratives and normative interventions contribute to social change in an illiberal sense. They intercept widespread malaise and increase discrimination against minorities already at risk. Moving from a unique model of social regulation based on the family, the ruling coalition establishes a link between the latter and the nation, introduces bans on the registration of gender change and the promotion of LGBT contents. Within migration policy, it also constructs the target of migrants and uses Christianity as an ethno-identity component, meanwhile adopting measures that prevent the implementation of Christian values. Moreover, Hungarian narratives, while rejecting the fundamental rights-centered narrative of the liberal tradition, are able to politically "exploit" the expectations it creates among citizens. Following a populist logic, the ruling coalition openly rejects the liberal fundamental rights narrative, but at the same time fully utilizes it.
SOMMARIO: 1. Premessa - 2. La Chiesa Ortodossa del Patriarcato di Mosca come confessione multinazionale - 3. Le disposizioni rituali di contrasto alla pandemia da parte delle Chiese auto amministrate appartenenti al Patriarcato di Mosca - 4. La Chiesa Ortodossa Rumena di fronte alla pandemia - 5. Il Patriarcato Ecumenico e l’orientamento delle Chiese Autocefale.
Orthodoxy, Pandemic, and Legislation of Eastern European Countries for the Safeguard of Health
ABSTRACT: The article examines the attitude and the regulations adopted by the clergy and believers of the major Orthodox Churches in relation to the pandemic. In this perspective, the modifications requested by States in the field of public religious functions and ritual celebrations are the object of the current analysis. Furthermore, the modalities of the administration of the sacraments and the carrying out of religious functions in relation to the protection of religious freedom are critically assessed and commented.
SOMMARIO: 1. Chiesa cattolica e new media: dalla stampa alla tecnologia online - 2. L’istituto della promulgazione nel diritto canonico: dalla promulgatio legis di tradizione romanistica al Codex Juris Canonici del 1917 - 3. La promulgazione delle leggi nel vigente Codex Juris Canonici - 4. La pubblicazione online delle leggi canoniche e le iniziative delle Conferenze Episcopali - 5. Le nuove frontiere digitali della promulgazione tra potenzialità e zone grigie.
Ecclesiastical laws and digital publication. The new frontiers of promulgation in Canon Law
ABSTRACT: Technological evolution has redefined spaces and methods of communication also within the Catholic Church. The speed of information exchange, the possibility of reaching a large number of recipients and the absence of costs represent the advanteges of online communication. In addition to encouraging the use of “instruments of social communication” (can. 822 § 1), the Magisterium creates a close connection between these instruments and the mission of proclaiming the Gospel to all peoples. The diffusion of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) involved also the publication of canon laws and it asks about the possibility of using the Internet as a way of promulgating the law. In fact, it can offer potential solutions to the problems raised by the application of can. 8 CIC. The restrictions imposed by the Covid 19 pandemic have further favored the spread of instruments of digital communication. In this perspective, online promulgation could constitute a solution to the limits of canonical legislative governance, allowing the diffusion of legal texts, the relative knowledge and obligation. An intervention by the universal legislator on the matter could offer guarantees about the authenticity of the published document, its unchangeability and the certainty of publication time.
SOMMARIO: 1. La necessità e l’impellenza di una legislazione - 2. Due lacune da colmare - 3. Un primo draft per un appello alla scienza canonistica - 4. L’intervento del legislatore supremo - 5. La sede apostolica totalmente impedita. Impedimento temporaneo - 5.1. Cause fisiche di ordine esterno - 5.2. Cause di ordine personale: inabilità fisica o psichica provvisoria - 6. Inhabilitas totale, certa e perpetua - 7. Brevissima appendice sulla crux teologica e giuridica sottostante - 8. La rinuncia predisposta dal papa per il caso di sua inhabilitas - 9. Il papa che ha rinunciato - 10. Norme conclusive e postfazione sull’impedimento per ‘causa giuridica’.
A proposal for a law on the entirely impeded Roman See and the Pope’s resignation as a result of the collaboration of canon law scholarship
In the first place, the contribution highlights the reasons for the need and urgency of an intervention from the supreme legislator of the Church in order to fill two legal gaps. One of them concerns the regulation of the impeded Apostolic See, both temporarily and - notably - because of a permanent and irreversible impediment of the Roman Pontiff. The second one regards the legal status of a Roman Pontiff who resigned from his office. The potentially problematic matters that would have to be faced and the aspects about which a law should be issued are therefore presented. The ultimate purpose is that of urging and involving the universal canon law scholarship towards an open and constructive discussion in order to develop a carefully examined and considered legislative proposal to be offered to the ecclesiastical authority.
1 - Con ordinanza n. 19618 del 18 settembre 2020 una sezione della Cassazione ha rimesso alle Sezioni Unite la decisione di un ricorso contro la sentenza della Corte d’appello di Perugia, che ha respinto l’appello proposto da un docente contro la sentenza del Tribunale della stessa sede che aveva ritenuto legittima la sanzione disciplinare della temporanea sospensione dall’insegnamento comminatagli dall’Ufficio Scolastico Provinciale. Alla base di tale provvedimento vi era stato il comportamento del docente, il quale - secondo quanto esposto nell’ordinanza in oggetto - (segue)
The Crucifix controversy before the Supreme Court’s United Sections: protection of rights or iconoclast fury?
ABSTRACT: This short paper critically examines, in the light of Italian and European case-law, the contents and juridical arguments of an order issued by a Section of the Italian Court of Cassation, which remits to the United Sections – the highest level of the Court – the decision on the Crucifix controversy arisen in a State school. Differently from previuos cases, in the presento one the teacher, and not the students or their families, removed the crucifix, hanging on the wall of the classroom as required by an old regulation, against student’s will. This repeated behaviour stirred a controversy between the teacher and the school director, which is now under judgment. Under the Italian law, secularism is not in contrast with the display of religious symbols in a State school, whose mission is that of fostering and promoting the development of children’s and student’s personality also through the free exchange of different ideas and points of view.
SOMMARIO: 1. Introduzione - 2. La decisione dell’High Court of Family Division - 3. La crioconservazione: una nuova sfida per il diritto? - 4. Aspetti bioetici della crionica - 5. La soluzione si trova dove il sogno trova la propria origine: conclusioni.
A Dream rooted in Myth: Immortality. Note a RE JS (Disposal of Body)  EWHC 2859 (FAM), 
ABSTRACT: This paper addresses the problem of cryonics through the analysis of a pronunciation of the High Court of Family Division. A first part is dedicated to the examination of the decision taken and then proceed to the analysis of the bioethical and biolaw issues that cryopreservation and neuropreservation pose. The aim is to introduce the biolaw debate in relation to the emergence of this new practice by highlighting the criticality of the same, such as, for example, that of not having adequate scientific basis. Given that the pursuit of immortality has its roots in Greek mythology, a possible solution could be to recall the warning that the same mythological narratives handed down.