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Enti della Chiesa e diritto secolare - di Paolo Cavana

SOMMARIO – I. Parte descrittiva: 1. Gli enti della Chiesa: varietà e distinzioni - 2. Enti ecclesiastici e ordinamenti secolari tra dimensione istituzionale e associativa - 3. La disciplina degli enti nelle due codificazioni canoniche - 4. Gli enti della Chiesa tra concordati e diritto comune - 4.1. Sistemi concordatari o di collaborazione - 4.1.1. Area tedesca - 4.1.2. Area latina - 4.2. Sistemi separatisti - 4.2.1. Area francofona - 4.2.2. Paesi di tradizione anglosassone - 4.2.3. Modelli a confronto - II. Parte ricostruttiva: - 5. Elementi di novità nel regime degli enti nel diritto secolare - 5.1. Pluralismo, libertà religiosa e laicità dello Stato - 5.2. Gruppi religiosi e appartenenza confessionale - 5.3. Crisi del sistema delle fonti - 5.4. Evoluzione del concetto di persona giuridica - 5.5. Crisi della distinzione tra enti pubblici ed enti privati - 5.6. Sviluppo del Terzo settore - 5.7. Effetti ulteriori della globalizzazione - 6. Fattori evolutivi nell’ordinamento ecclesiale ed enti ecclesiastici - 6.1. Forme organizzative e modello codificatorio - 6.2. Persone giuridiche ed enti nella Chiesa - 6.3. Modelli di amministrazione interna - 6.4. Istituti religiosi - 6.5. Riforma delle strutture ecclesiali: le diocesi e le parrocchie - 6.6. Riforma delle strutture ecclesiali e autonomia statutaria - 6.7. Attività svolte in forma commerciale e finanziarie - 7. Osservazioni conclusive.

Entities of the Church and Secular Law

ABSTRACT: This paper deals with the complex relationship between Catholic Church entities and secular law, which has always had great relevance and impact on the canonical discipline of such institutions. After some preliminary remarks about the juridical status of Church institutions in canon law across the centuries, from the ius vetus to the 1917 Codex and the current Code of Canon Law (1983), the paper compares their current regulation in secular law within the most important legal traditions in the West, emphasizing pros and cons of each legal system. In the second part, it focuses on the impact of some recent trends that emerge from the evolution of both secular and canonical legal systems and concern the regulation of Church institutions and of Church-related institutions. It then draws some conclusive remarks on the need to update their inner structure and administrative rules.

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Quando la religione si interseca con la tutela di genere: quale impatto sulle dinamiche dell’accoglienza? (prime osservazioni a margine di Cass., sez. I, 24 novembre 2017, n. 28152) - di Adelaide Madera

SOMMARIO: 1. Fenomeno migratorio, istanze di protezione internazionale e risposte degli ordinamenti europei - 2. Riconoscimento dello status di rifugiato e fattore religioso - 3. La recente pronunzia n. 28152 del 2017 della Corte di Cassazione - 4. La valorizzazione della prospettiva di genere nel sistema di protezione internazionale - 5. L’intersezione religione/genere quale pivot di una protezione rafforzata di soggetti particolarmente deboli.

The Intersection between Religion and Gender Protection: Which Impact on the Dynamics of Hospitality? (Preliminary Remarks to Court of Cassation, Section I, 24 November 2017, No. 28152)

ABSTRACT: The intersection between immigration, citizenship, integration in the EU countries is a challenging topic for scholars and religion is becoming a crucial factor. Transnational space allows the development of new meanings, negotiation of identities, interaction of religious actors and practices and integration/participation has an impact on the identity of migrants. The increase of migrations from non-European countries, and the impact of new religious needs underlines the question of whether religious belonging is a factor of either empowerment or disempowerment in the host society. At the same time, migrations in an era of economic crisis emphasize skepticism and hostility towards Islamic groups; refugees and asylum seekers, and the questions connected with international protection have become other controversial issues, contributing to the development of a growing anti-immigrant attitude. Modern democracies are expected to offer answers to increasing demands of international protection; at the same time international protection is becoming a strategic tool to obtain hospitality in European countries, and to avoid the limits connected  to access for economic reasons. Recent Italian case law witnesses the development of a gender-sensitive perspective and focuses on the increasing link between religion, gender and international protection.

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Lavoro, retribuzione e diritti nell’opera di Charles Péguy: suggestioni e riflessioni per il canonista - di Vincenzo Pacillo

SOMMARIO: 1. Mistica dell’uguaglianza e mistica del lavoro - 2. La città armoniosa - 3. Il denaro - 4. Anticapitalismo mistico e tradimento della fraternità.

Labor, remuneration and rights in the writings of Charles Péguy: suggestions and reflections for the canonist

ABSTRACT: Both in "Marcel: premier dialogue de la cité harmonieuse" and in "L'argent", Charles Péguy creates an aesthetic of work that emphasizes the fundamental relationship between the creative activity of man, spirituality and fraternity. Manual labor is at the same time an instrument of creation of the social bond and the fulcrum of the connection between the temporal element and the spiritual one. At the same time, Péguy appears very critical of the commodification of labor in capitalist society, where money is not a mere tool for exchange but an economic goal in itself. The dignity of work and respect for the principle of fraternity are today in question following the recent reforms of the Italian labor legislation; reforms that seem far removed from the perspective outlined in the writings of Charles Péguy.

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Riflessioni su diritto e religione a margine del Martin Luther King Day - di Giancarlo Anello

SOMMARIO: 1. Introduzione - 2. Advocate of the social Gospel: Martin Luther King e il percorso americano di riforma della legislazione sui diritti civili - 3. Post-colonialismo e terzomondismo: Martin Luther King e i percorsi di liberazione su scala globale - 4. Martin Luther King e Gandhi, Cesar Chavez e Sayyed Qutb - 5. Conclusioni: diritti religiosi, giustizia globale e stato di diritto.

Remarks about Law & Religion for the Martin Luther King Day

ABSTRACT: April 4, 2018 commemorates the fiftieth anniversary of the death of Martin Luther King jr., in Memphis-Tennessee. The importance of Martin Luther King’s personality goes far beyond the borders of United States and spreads on the global scale. The present paper concerns the universality and the present impact of Martin Luther King’s legacy, considering also the European context. The paper analyses in brief the history of Martin Luther King, taking into account both his activism in the US and his international criticism against global issues such as post-colonialism and third-worldism; a second part is dedicated to the so called religious “global left” of the 50s and 70s. Conclusions show how and why the global religions have still to be considered a critical background for the rule of law, its inequalities and its injustices.

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Contributi precedenti

Angelo Licastro - La questione della riconoscibilità civile del divorzio islamico al vaglio della Corte di giustizia dell’Unione europea (a margine della pronunzia del 20 dicembre 2017, C-372/16)

Alberto Tomer - Il Sovrano Militare Ordine di Malta dalla crisi del 2016-2017 alla riforma costituzionale

Rossella Bottoni - North Atlantic Catholic Communities in Rome in the 19th Century: Appointment and Ecclesiastical Policies of the First Irish-, American- and Canadian-Born Cardinals