SOMMARIO: 1 - Su di un critico arretramento nella teoria della giustizia - 2. La possibile riconduzione della giustizia alla ‘logica’ della carità religiosamente orientata - 3. Il pluralismo religioso come ausilio per un più equo e dinamico con-vivere nelle democrazie contemporanee - 4. Sul ritorno a Morgezia, italica matrice del plurale con-sistere di civiltà e culture euro-mediterranee - 5. - Una declinazione mediterranea della giustizia a sostegno delle realtà estromesse dalle “società dell’abbondanza”.
Morgezia, Italic matrix of Euro-Mediterranean civilizations
ABSTRACT: The essay aims to claim to Calabria - identified with the "italic" name of Morgezia - the role of matrix of the cultures that have spread from the Mediterranean to the entire planet. It would recall that in the current era, characterized by globalization and emergencies induced by socio-environmental degradation and the regurgitation of conflicts, also according to the papal magisterium, the recovery of the most genuine and plural Mediterranean identities can help give again to Europe - of which Calabria is emblematically assumed as a metaphor - the ability to affect international relations in order to determine their more a fair and balanced structure, and therefore more peaceful with and among peoples, even the most “peripheral” and/or neglected ones.
SOMMARIO: 1. Considerazioni introduttive - 2. Stereotipi e luoghi comuni - 3. Stereotipi e linguaggio di genere - 4. Contro un automatismo discriminante: la sentenza della Corte costituzionale n. 131 del 2022 - 5. Non arrendersi all’ovvio.
Resist the obvious. Some considerations on gender stereotypes following the sentence of the Italian Constitutional Court, n. 131 of 2022, on the attribution of the surname
ABSTRACT: The aim of this contribution is to examine the gender inequalities issues, particularly those of women, within the linguistic perspective. In particular, it highlights the discriminating capacity of stereotypes and discusses their performative dimension. Nowadays, despite several recommendations to reduce the gender gap, women continue to be marginalised in a still strong masculine culture, also through discursive practices. So, commonplaces, thanks to their simplicity and immediacy, reinforce an order of power relations between genders that place women in a position of subordination. In order to subvert this situation and reach an equal condition, the law also appears useful. The last sentence issued by the Italian Constitutional Court, on the attribution of surname to children, offers a good example in this sense. The path still appears long and uncertain, but highlighting stereotypes distortions can contribute to achieving an equal democracy which finds in inclusiveness an indispensable basis for an authentically democratic condition of life, that encourages the emergence and spread of a way of being more open, and also more ethical, a way of being of the future and for the future.
SUMMARY: 1. Religion and citizenship - 2. Religion and migration - 3. The controversial stance on religion, citizens and migrants - 4. Promoting Western values or international standards of human rights protection? - 5. Concluding remarks.
ABSTRACT: In a controversy concerning the legitimacy of the wearing of the Sikh kirpan in the public space, the Italian Court of Cassation stated that immigrants have the obligation to conform their values to those of the Western world. This is but one case when a migrant’s religion has been assumed - in the public and political debate and in courts - to draw a line between what belongs to the Western civilization and what does not. This paper aims to challenge the ‘West versus non-West’ approach, by examining the interplay between religion, citizenship and migration, and by stressing that democratic countries are such only as long as they remain pluralist and accommodate diversity. Although limitations on unacceptable manifestations of religion do apply, these must pursue only legitimate aims under international standards, which do not include such a thing as the protection of Western values.
SOMMARIO: 1. Una sentenza attesa: Dobbs v. Jackson Women’s Health Organization - 2. Motivazioni offensive e preoccupanti - 3. Una decisione all’insegna del principio democratico e della chiarezza normativa? - 4. Questioni spinose - 5. Dobbs, ovvero la morte del potere di judicial review della SCOTUS?
Dobbs: the alarming implications of a political overturning of the right to abortion
ABSTRACT: With Dobbs v. Jackson Women’s Health Organization the Supreme Court of United States overturned Roe v. Wade, upending almost 50 years of abortion rights in the United States. In commenting the case this article highlights the many problems arising from the decision: its bringing about new divisive legal issues; its possible outreach in terms of other fundamental liberties that could soon be cancelled; and especially the decline of the Supreme Court legitimacy that could call into question its very judicial review power.
Canon law and choral singing: unity and plurality among the people of God. An brief introduction
ABSTRACT: Liturgy, music and law seems appartently to be strictly divided dimensions of a religious world. Instead, it is interesting to note how these three different cosmos of religiosity could live together and nurture themself. Even more interesting it is to learn how liturgy law has and music has been used by Catholic and Protestant canon law to shape their different identities through history.
SOMMARIO: Premessa - 1. Canto e liturgia - 2. Dal canto gregoriano al canto piano - 3. La musica figurata, l’organo, le cappelle musicali.
Chant and music in the liturgy: musicological observations between musical practice and ecclesiastical regulations *
ABSTRACT: Chant, polyphony, the role of the organ, and other forms of music performed in the liturgy are examined from the middle ages to the early modern era in order to point out ecclesiastical regulations and possible legislation.
SOMMARIO: 1. Premessa - 2. La fase antepraeparatoria (1959-1960) - 3. La fase praeparatoria (1960-1962) - 3.1. La prima sessione plenaria (12 e 15 novembre 1960) - 3.2. La Relatio De musica sacra presentata alla seconda sessione plenaria (12-22 aprile 1961) - 3.3. Il dibattito sulla Relatio De Musica sacra nella seconda sessione plenaria - 3.4. La Relatio De Musica sacra dopo la seconda sessione plenaria - 4. La redazione dello Schema presentato al Concilio - 5. Il dibattito conciliare sulla Liturgia (1962-1963) e l’approvazione della Costituzione Conciliare Sacrosanctum Concilium.
Music and theology in Sacrosanctum Concilium: the munus ministeriale of music in the liturgy
ABSTRACT: The focus of this article is showing the relationship between music and theology in the Constitution on The Sacred Liturgy (Sacrosantum Concilium). Initially, the article examines the altiora principia of SC in Chapter I which represents the context in which to interpret Chapter VI on the sacred music. Then, from the study of their redactional process, there’s a detailed review of some of the numbers from the same chapter on the sacred music, in order to show how some expressions were elaborated to define the connection between music and theology, especially munus ministeriale.
SOMMARIO: 1. Premessa - 2. La constitutio “Docta sanctorum Patrum” - 3. La teoria dell’éthos - 4. Alla ricerca di una naturalis ratio - 5. Il cantus figuratus vel organicus alle soglie del XVI secolo - 6. Il Concilio di Trento - 7. Il De liberis recte instituendis (1533) del cardinale Jacopo Sadoleto - 8. Osservazioni conclusive.
Canonical norm and musical offense. Music as a model of discipline of masses in Latin canon law
ABSTRACT: This essay aims to examine the pedagogical value and repressive function of the liturgical music in classical canon law, with particular reference to the 14th century and to the Council of Trent. Some observations are dedicated to the Platonic matrix - that innervates both medieval and Renaissance thought - and to the concept of naturalis ratio.
SOMMARIO: 1. Interpretazione musicale e interpretazione giuridica. Il rapporto tra religione, musica e diritto - 2. Innovazioni liturgiche e musicali nella Riforma di Lutero: il corale luterano - 3. La dimensione spirituale del canto nella riforma liturgica di Giovanni Calvino. Il Salterio ginevrino - 4. Liturgia e musica nella Chiesa riformata anglicana - 5. La musica quale elemento identitario delle Chiese riformate. Considerazioni conclusive.
Lutheran Chorale, Calvinist Psalter, Anglican Anthem. Religious identities and liturgical music in the Protestant context
ABSTRACT: The paper examines the function played by music in the normative interventions regarding the Lutheran, Calvinist and Anglican liturgy in particular. The plurality of interpretations of the evangelical message that led to the birth of the Churches of the Reformation, in fact, finds precisely in the specific ritual innovations, including musical ones, the representation of an identifying and distinctive theological conception with respect to the Church of Rome.
SOMMARIO: 1. Il repertorio autentico - 2. La questione gregoriana - 3. Cenni sulla notazione sangallese - 4. La restaurazione gregoriana.
Gregorian chant: uniformity versus plurality
ABSTRACT: From the earliest literary sources, Gregorian chant appears as the result of a great reflection on the sacred texts in an organic and unitary project that covers the entire liturgical year. To each celebration are addressed properly a text and a melody in a precise and unchangeable form because every piece represents a source of references that are part of a rigorous and codified plan. The textual and melodic unity of the Gregorian repertoire, realized in the Carolingian era through a process of hybridization between the ancient Roman chant and the Gallican chant, became a stabilizing factor in the political and religious unification of Europe in the ninth century, determining the end of liturgical regionalism. The wholeness of the repertoire is confirmed by the primitive musical notation, which fixes on parchment a previous oral tradition originating from a common matrix. The long period of decadence that had compromised the intelligibility of the original monody was followed by the colossal work of Solesmes, which allowed the reconstruction in its beauty and integrity. The subsequent 'typical editions' of Gregorian chant were declared normative and pointed to by Pio X as an ultimate pattern for the whole Church.