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Online from january 2007

The validity of the teaching of the Catholic religion in Italian public schools - ​ Andrea Bettetini

SOMMARIO: 1. Premessa - 2. L’atto di scelta - 3. L’intervento del Consiglio di Stato - 4. Osservazioni critiche - 5. Una lettura costituzionalmente orientata - 6. Conclusioni.

The validity of the teaching of the Catholic religion in Italian public schools

ABSTRACT: Catholic RE teaching in state schools of all types and at all levels is covered by the agreement amending the Lateran Concordat and the additional protocol thereto, implemented by means of Law No 121 of 25 March 1985, and the agreement between the Italian Ministry for Education and the President of the Italian Bishops’ Conference, implemented by means of Presidential Decree No 751 of 16 December 1985, as subsequently amended.

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Interpreting Article 17 TFEU: New Openings towards a European Law and Religion System - ​ Federico Colombo

SUMMARY: 1. Introduction: From the Traditional Interpretation towards New Openings - 2. Some interpretative difficulties - 3. The Necessary Balance with Other European Interests - 4. Conclusions.

Interpreting Article 17 TFEU: New Openings towards a European Law and Religion System

ABSTRACT: Article 17 TFEU has been mainly interpreted as a “safeguard clause” aimed at preventing the EU from affecting (even indirectly) national disciplines religiously connoted. Although this traditional interpretation seems to find confirmation in the letter of the provision, in the systematic reading with Article 4 TEU, second paragraph, as well as in the original will of the parties, some scholars started giving credit to a different interpretation: the Article could allow the development of a European Law and Religion System. This article aims to investigate the current possibility for the aforementioned change of prospective. It focuses on three key factors: the interpretative difficulties concerning the Article, the recent jurisprudential evolution of the Court of Justice of the European Union and the growing axiological-systematic relevance of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union. This work argues that Article 17 TFEU does not recognize a national competence ex ante in all religious matters; it only requires the EU to refrain from regulating cases that are concretely characterized by a high rate of denominational specificity.

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Benedetto XV e la questione romana negli anni della Grande Guerra - ​ Fabio Franceschi

SOMMARIO: 1. L’avvio del pontificato di Benedetto XV e il nuovo corso vaticano - 2. Il nodo irrisolto della questione romana - 3. Il problema della condizione giuridica della Santa Sede alla luce della legge n. 214 del 1871 - 4. La “Grande Guerra” e le sue ricadute sulle relazioni tra l’Italia e la Sede Apostolica - 5. Il conflitto europeo come possibile occasione per la riproposizione della questione romana. L’interesse vaticano per una “internazionalizzazione” della medesima - 6. L’azione della Santa Sede in campo internazionale negli anni del conflitto, tra imparzialità e attivismo diplomatico - 7. L’oscillazione, nei primi anni della guerra, delle posizioni vaticane sulla via da seguire per la soluzione della questione romana e la “svolta conciliatorista” di Benedetto XV - 8. La (ritenuta) maggiore affidabilità della soluzione interna. L’imprescindibilità di una soluzione territoriale come base di partenza nelle trattative con il Governo italiano - 9. L’azione per la pace di Benedetto XV e le sue connessioni con l’interesse per una soluzione della questione romana - 10. La posizione italiana. I rapporti tra il Regio Governo e la Santa Sede negli anni del conflitto - 11. Propositi e tentativi di soluzione della questione romana durante il periodo bellico. Dalle proposte germaniche ai progetti vaticani. Lo schema di Trattato fra la Santa Sede e l’Italia del marzo 1917 - 12. Il fallimento del tentativo pontificio di legare le vicende del conflitto con quelle relative alla soluzione della questione romana. L’impossibilità di addivenire a una sistemazione dei rapporti fra le parti nel corso della guerra e al termine della medesima - 13. “Non tutto fu inutile”: Benedetto XV e la strada aperta per la Conciliazione.

Benedict XV, the Kingdom of Italy, the "Great War". The Roman Question in the years of the First World War

ABSTRACT: The paper analyses the role of Pope Benedict XV during the First World War: his political and humanitarian positions, his renewed conception of relations with the Kingdom of Italy, above all his attitude towards the definitive solution of the Roman Question. More in detail, it explains the operations of Vatican diplomacy to put an end to the anomalous position of the Holy See, deprived of the needed surietes and signs of independence of human powers due to the so-called Law of Guarantees (dated May 13, 1871), as well as the reasons of the failure of this action during the Great War and after its end. However, it concludes considering the long-term positive consequences of this action, which can be considered the first phase of that process of revision of the ecclesiastical legislation of the Kingdom of Italy which would then culminate, over a decade after the end of the Great War, in the stipulation of the Lateran Pacts of 1929.

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La prohibición del velo integral en Italia y España: el caso lombardo y el catalán - ​ Rafael Valencia Candalija

SUMARIO: 1. Introducción - 2. Planteamiento del problema y antecedentes en Europa - 3. El velo integral en la legislación italiana - 4. La sentencia del Consiglio di Stato italiano núm. 3076, de 19 de junio de 2008 - 5. La Delibera 4553, de 10 de diciembre de 2015, de la Giunta Regionale de Lombardía - 6. La sentencia del Tribunal de Milán de 20 de abril de 2017 – 7. La valoración de la Corte di Appello di Milano: la sentencia de 28 de octubre de 2019 - 8. El velo integral en el ordenamiento jurídico español – 9. La Ordenanza Municipal de Civismo y Convivencia de Lleida y su interpretación por el Tribunal Superior de Justicia de Cataluña - 10. La anulación de la Ordenanza Municipal de Civismo y Convivencia de Lleida por el Tribunal Supremo: la sentencia núm. 693 de 2013, de 14 de febrero - 11. La Ordenanza de Civismo de la ciudad de Reus y los autos del Tribunal Superior de Justicia de Cataluña - 12. Síntesis conclusiva: estudio comparativo de las realidades lombarda y catalana.

The ban on the integral veil in Italy and Spain: the Lombard and Catalan cases

ABSTRACT: In recent years we have been able to appreciate how phenomena such as immigration and globalization have transformed the religious decoration of European countries. Italy and Spain do not represent any exception, because in the streets of their towns and villages there is a growing religious diversity that every day does not stop increasing. That this means people who have arrived to Italy and Spain searching of better prospects for the future but without forgetting their customs, traditions and religion. The problems arise when in use of religious freedom, this people try that the host society admits or tolerates certain religious practices, foreign to the European Judeo-Christian tradition, which could collide with the European legal order. One of those controversial practices has to do with religious symbology, specifically, with the integral veil that Islamic women carry, mainly because of the security problems. By this reason, this article tries to describe the legal situation of the integral veil, analyzing and comparing the ways in which have been regulated in Italy (Lombardy) and Spain (some Catalonian municipalities like Lleida or Reus). The jurisprudential solutions emanating from the courts of both countries are also studied.

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Previous contributions

Geraldina Boni - Sigillo sacramentale e segreto ministeriale. La tutela tra diritto canonico e diritto secolare

Nicola Colaianni - Populismo, religioni, diritto

Alessandro Ferrari - Pour une agora politique partagée autour de la méditerranée