SOMMARIO: 1. Coordinate definitorie - 1.1. Aspetti metodologici - 1.2. Aspetti terminologici: pressioni, interferenze, ingerenze - 1.3. Direzione e verso - 2. Elementi generali e strutturali - 2.1. Chiesa: missione universale, laicità e sovranità - 2.2. Le divisioni (anche mediatiche) del Papa (e della CEI) - 3. Rassegna di casi - 3.1. Immigrazione - 3.2. Unioni civili - 3.3. Le elezioni politiche del 2018 e il governo Conte - 3.4. Ambientalismo - 3.5. Le elezioni europee del 2019 e l’europeismo - 4. Declinazioni giuridiche nell’analisi dell’art. 7, primo comma, Cost. - 5. Considerazioni conclusive.
Independent and sovereign: considerations about art. 7, I of the Italian Constitution from the point of view of Catholic Church thrusts on Italian Republic
ABSTRACT: The article deals with the separation of Church and State in the frame of the Italian Constitution. It compasses various examples from the last years, and in particular during the pontificate of pope Francis, where the Catholic Church expressed strong opinions about any issue above the Parliament or the Government or tried to influence public opinion in Italy. It discusses how these episodes influence the relationships between State and Church.
SOMMARIO: 1. Il terziario esoterico - 2. Il divieto di ciarlataneria - 3. Il terziario esoterico e la tutela del contraente/consumatore - 4. La disciplina del terziario esoterico tra pluralismo culturale e tutela del consumatore.
The Law Regulating Esoteric Services
ABSTRACT: The essay focuses on the law regulating esoteric services (fortune telling, selling of talismans, etc.). While in several legal systems the professional practice of magic was once clearly forbidden, nowadays its status is uncertain: such practices are seen as not necessarily illicit but highly suspicious from the point of view of consumer law. The essay explores the inherent tension between repression of fraud and unfair commercial practices and freedom of belief, particularly focusing on Italian case law and administrative practice.
SOMMARIO: 1. La Corte costituzionale e la pronuncia avanguardista - 2. I presupposti ragionati in sede Costituente dell’art. 8, terzo comma - 3. Ruolo delle intese nel processo storico di equiparazione con la condizione riservata alla Chiesa cattolica - 4. La fase dell’affermazione del pluralismo aperto a tutte le confessioni - 5. I nuovi soggetti religiosi e le loro rappresentanze - 6 Il contenuto delle intese tra diritto speciale e diritto comune - 7. Conclusioni.
The agreements to the test: new actors and old content
ABSTRACT: The Constitutional Court, in its judgement, has brought to light the critical aspects of the "system of agreements", highlighting the lack of a complete regulation of the procedure of stipulation. A short historical journey, starting from the works discussed in the Constituent Assembly, helps us to understand the evolution of the bilateral model provided for by Art. 8, third paragraph, of the Italian Constitution: from an initial phase in which it has been placed as a useful tool to fulfill an equal treatment to a subsequent one in which it has been used as a means of affirmation of open religious pluralism, to arrive at assuming an autonomous function unrelated to the first two paragraphs of Art. 8. The current system of "agreements-photocopies" can only be overcome by a general law on religious freedom that takes into account the specific content of the agreements. In this way, the agreements themselves would regain their original function of special law, reserved for religious confessions of sacred origin
SUMARIO: 1. Introducción: las manifestaciones de la confesionalidad inglesa y su creciente cuestionamiento por la doctrina científica - 2. Confesionalidad estatal y sistema educativo en Inglaterra - 3. Los actos de culto colectivo en la escuela pública ante la High Court.
The Place of Religion in State-funded Schools of England: the Act of Collective Worship for the First Time on Trial at the High Court
ABSTRACT: Collective Worship that needs to be wholly or mainly of a broadly Christian character is currently a statutory requirement in all State-funded schools under English law. This legal requirement, along with the inevitable presence in this same type of schools of religious education that also has to reflect the fact that the religious traditions in Great Britain are in the main Christian, whilst taking account of the teaching and practices of the other principal religions represented in Great Britain, are both two requirements that have been frequently considered as very controversial and arising from them are serious concerns about their compliance with human rights legal framework. Very recently a High Court action has been launched against this law on collective worship, in a case that will be heard on 29 November 2019 (Lee and Lizanne Harris v. Oxford Diocesan Schools Trust). This paper gives notice of this recent judicial challenge and briefly explores its main legal implications.