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Trifles for a pandemic - ​ Federica Botti

SOMMARIO: 1. Premessa - 2. La democrazia in pericolo? - 3. La libertà religiosa tra Costituzione e Concordato - 4. Sulla libertas Ecclesiae e sulle regole del diritto internazionale - 5. Le trattative diplomatiche de facto tra la CEI e il Governo e il dibattito pubblico - 6. Il FEC e il (mancato) trasferimento della proprietà delle chiese con personalità giuridica in favore dell’autorità ecclesiastica: un case study.

Trifles for a pandemic

ABSTRACT: The emergency regulations for the containment of Covid-19 as well as affecting religious freedom (art. 19 of the Italian Constitution) can also be relevant from the point of view of the bilaterality of the pact between the Italian State and the Holy See by opening up to the principles of international law and the Vienna Convention the entrance to the list of instruments that can be applied for the solution of the problem, alongside the usual pragmatic instruments of realpolitik.

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The development of the concept of public order in the judicial proceeding of exequatur for ecclesiastical judgements of marriage nullity in Italy - ​ Paolo Cavana

SOMMARIO: 1. Alle origini del concetto di ordine pubblico nel giudizio di delibazione (Corte cost., sent. n. 18 del 1982) - 2. L’interpretazione giurisprudenziale: il criterio della “maggiore disponibilità” verso l’ordinamento canonico e il principio di tutela dell’affidamento incolpevole (Cass. civ., S.U., sent. 1° ottobre 1982, n. 5026) - 3. La delibazione nella nuova disciplina concordataria del 1984 e l’autonomia delle parti - 4. Il decorso del tempo, la convivenza dei coniugi e le esigenze di riforma del regime degli effetti patrimoniali della delibazione (Cass. civ., S.U., sent. 20 luglio 1988, n. 4700) - 5. L’evoluzione dell’ordinamento italiano e la sua incidenza sul concetto di ordine pubblico - 6. La tipicità dei vizi di nullità come espressione dell’accresciuta rilevanza del rapporto coniugale nella disciplina civilistica del matrimonio. La convivenza dei coniugi come elemento ostativo alla delibazione (Cass. civ., S.U., sent. 18 luglio 2008, n. 19809) - 7. Le successive oscillazioni della giurisprudenza: verso la pronuncia delle Sezioni Unite del 2014 - 8. Ragioni del progressivo allontanamento dell’ordine pubblico italiano dal sistema matrimoniale canonico - 9. Le esigenze di protezione della persona e il principio della parità dei coniugi alla base della rilevanza assunta dal rapporto coniugale nell’evoluzione dell’ordine pubblico in materia matrimoniale - 10. Criticità delle pronunce delle Sezioni Unite del 2014 - 11. Il superamento della pregiudiziale economica e i suoi effetti sul processo canonico - 12. Osservazioni conclusive.

The development of the concept of public order in the judicial proceeding of exequatur for ecclesiastical judgements of marriage nullity in Italy

ABSTRACT: This paper examines the controversial development of the concept of public order in the judicial proceeding of exequatur in the decisions of the Italian Supreme Court. Under the current Concordat between Italy and the Holy See (1984) the concept of public order represents a limit for the civil recognition (“delibazione”) of a declaration of marriage nullity. The paper then focuses on the effects of the latest judgements issued by the United Sections of the Supreme Court (2014), banning the exequatur of ecclesiastical nullity sentences for marriages lasting over three years. It provides a critical view of this restrictive move in the light of the deep transformations undergone by Italian family law in the last decades.

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For a religious republicanism. Freedom and faith in Maurizio Viroli’s historiography - ​ Tommaso Greco

SOMMARIO: 1. Un’idea della politica - 2. Del rapporto costitutivo tra libertà e religione - 3. Repubblicanesimo e religione - 4. Lo spazio (pubblico) della religione.

For a religious republicanism. Freedom and faith in Maurizio Viroli's historiography

ABSTRACT: This article analyzes the Maurizio Viroli's historiographic thought, highlighting the central relationship between the spirit of freedom and the religious sentiment, from which a full knowledge of the public significance of religion descends.

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Between the Economics of Religion and Religious Economics. Tangent Questions Regarding Italian History and Economic Theory. - ​ Sergio Noto

SOMMARIO: 1. Premessa - 2. Una rivoluzione contraddittoria - 3. Chiesa e denaro: la questione del prestito a interesse - 4. La svolta della Rerum Novarum: associazionismo e cooperazione - 5. Cattolicesimo e corporativismo - 6. Gli anni ’30 e l’eclissi dell’economia liberale - 7. Il dopoguerra italiano: un miracolo a metà - 8. Gli effetti negativi dei cattolici in politica, Giovanni Paolo II e il dialogo con il mercato.

Between the Economics of Religion and Religious Economics. Tangent Questions Regarding Italian History and Economic Theory.

ABSTRACT: The paper discusses the most important points of the relationship between social Christian thought and economic facts and how they developed in Italy, with particular reference to the application of competitive market principles. Starting with the second half of the 1800s, it is possible to argue that both the social doctrine and market theories had scarse impact on each other and more importantly, that they did not interact in a way which would have been useful. The author covers the main and most significant contributions that economists, sociologists, philosophers and politicians tried to bring to this missing debate between economic science and religious principles. In view of the creation of a society which responds to mankind’s real needs, we feel the lack of such a debate even though today we are witnessing a certain awakening.

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A New Bill to Recognize the Belief Marriage in England: the Marriage (Approved Organisations) Bill - ​ José Ramón Polo Sabau

SUMARIO: 1. Introducción - 2. Caracteres generales del proyecto de ley: el reconocimiento del matrimonio de creencia - 3. Algunas claves jurídicas de esta nueva propuesta normativa.

A New Bill to Recognize the Belief Marriage in England: the Marriage (Approved Organisations) Bill

ABSTRACT: In this paper the author briefly examines the content of the Marriage (Approved Organisations) Bill, a proposal recently introduced in the House of Lords, which is aimed to amend the wedding law in England and Wales in order to recognise al last the humanist marriages and, more widely, the marriages of the so called belief bodies that have already been introduced in almost every other jurisdiction in the British Islands, so these new belief marriages can be granted an equivalent status to the one currently conferred to religious marriages.

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The Union of Italian Jewish Communities between adherence to Orthodox Judaism and representation of all Jew in Italy: Is the constitutional Agreement of 1987 with the Italian State still adequate? - ​ Giorgio Sacerdoti

SOMMARIO: 1 - Introduzione - 2. Il quadro pluralistico dell’ebraismo diasporico e delle sue organizzazioni - 3. Peculiarità dell’organizzazione dell’ebraismo italiano - 4. Pluralismo interno e tensioni nel contesto unitario delle Comunità - 5. Le origini storiche del peculiare assetto organizzativo dell’ebraismo italiano: l’assenza del movimento riformato in Italia e la normativa statualistica del 1930-31 - 6. La struttura unitaria e l’adesione delle Comunità all’ortodossia nello Statuto e nell’Intesa - 7. Conclusioni: la necessaria conciliazione tra pluralismo e unitarietà tra le varie anime dell’ebraismo italiano.

The Union of Italian Jewish Communities between adherence to Orthodox Judaism and representation of all Jew in Italy: Is the constitutional Agreement of 1987 with the Italian State still adequate?

ABSTRACT: Relations between Italian Judaism and the Italian State are governed legally by the Agreement (“Intesa”) concluded in 1987 pursuant to Article 8 of the Italian Constitution, enforced by Law No. 101 of 1989.The organization of the Italian Jewish communities and their central “Union” is governed by the By-Laws (“Statuto”) adopted by them at that time, which reflect the Intesa. In conformity also with the tradition of Italian Judaism local communities take care of all Jewish activities, religious, social or educational, and the Unione officially represents all Jews and Jewish groups. Since 1987 however, there has been an explosion of various Jewish groups and denominations in Italy, from the Lubavitch to Reformed groups, which organize themselves autonomously. These groups considers themselves part of Italian Judaism and recognize more or less the central role of the local communities and Unione. However they increasingly ask a say in the latter management.. The issue discussed in the paper is whether the unitary structure of Italian Judaism, as enshrined in Intesa and recognized by Italian public authorities, is still adequate to cope with this evolution, and whether a plurality of independent Jewish organizations, separately recognized by Italian authorities would be compatible with Article 8 of the Constitution and preferable in practice.

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